Motivational interviewing and the social context

TitleMotivational interviewing and the social context
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2010
AuthorsStanton, M
JournalAmerican Psychologist
PublisherAmerican Psychological Association
Place PublishedUS
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0003-066X1935-990X
Accession Number2010-08987-013. First Author & Affiliation: Stanton, Mark
Keywordsbehavior change, client centered, Client Centered Therapy, motivational interviewing, practice outcomes, Psychotherapy, social context, Social Influences, Theories, theory, Treatment Outcomes

Comments on the article by Miller and Rose (see record 2009-13007-002). As Miller and Rose opened “the black box of treatment to examine linkages between processes of delivery and client outcomes” (p. 529) in motivational interviewing (MI), it is important that their model include factors from the social context that may explain conditions that enhance or diminish MI interventions. Aspects of the social context may serve as mediators or moderators of the relational (MI spirit) and technical (change talk) components in MI theory. In this comment, the author suggests the addition of social influence to their theoretical model. The author suggests that existing research on the role of significant others argues that the conceptual model should include a box for Social Influence as a hypothesized process variable that relates to “Client Preparatory Change Talk and Diminished Resistance” and “Commitment to Behavior Change” (see Figure 1, p. 530). In addition, a second new box, labeled Significant Other Training in MI, should be added in direct relationship to the new Social Influence variable. Further research is needed to explore these variables and their specific functions within the model. These additions to the theoretical model affirm the active components of MI and potentially extend the effects through positive social influence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

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