Therapeutic enhancement: Nursing intervention category for patients diagnosed with readiness for therapeutic regimen management

TitleTherapeutic enhancement: Nursing intervention category for patients diagnosed with readiness for therapeutic regimen management
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2008
AuthorsKelly, CW
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Date PublishedApr
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number1365-2702 (Electronic)0962-1067 (Linking)
Accession Number18589900
Keywords*Communication, *Health Behavior, Disease Management, Goals, Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, Health Promotion/*organization & administration, Humans, Internal-External Control, Models, Nursing, Models, Psychological, Motivation, Nurse's Role/*psychology, Nurse-Patient Relations, Nursing Diagnosis/*organization & administration, Patient Care Team/organization & administration, Patient Compliance/*psychology, Patient Education as Topic/organization & administration, Practice Guidelines as Topic, Psychological Theory, Self Care/methods/psychology, Self Efficacy, Social Support

AIMS: To present a new nursing intervention category called therapeutic enhancement. BACKGROUND: Fewer than half of North Americans follow their physician's recommendations for diet and exercise, even when such are crucial to their health or recovery. It is imperative that nurses consider new ways to promote healthy behaviours. Therapeutic enhancement is intended to provide such a fresh approach. Traditional intervention techniques focusing on education, contracts, social support and more frequent interaction with physicians appear not to be effective when used alone. Successful strategies have been multidisciplinary; and have included interventions by professional nurses who assist patients to understand their disease and the disease process and that helps them to develop disease-management and self-management skills. Therapeutic enhancement incorporates The Stages of Change Theory, Commitment to Health Theory, Motivational Interviewing techniques and instrumentation specifically designed for process evaluation of health-promoting interventions. METHOD: This is a critical review of approaches that, heretofore, have not been synthesised in a single published article. CONCLUSIONS: Based on the commonly used Stages of Change model, therapeutic enhancement is useful for patients who are at the action stage of change. Using therapeutic enhancement as well as therapeutic strategies identified in Stages of Change Theory, such as contingency management, helping relationships, counterconditioning, stimulus control and Motivational Interviewing techniques, nursing professionals can significantly increase the chances of patients moving from action to the maintenance stage of change for a specific health behaviour. RELEVANCE TO CLINICAL PRACTICE: Using the nursing intervention category, therapeutic enhancement can increase caregivers' success in helping patients maintain healthy behaviours.

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