Pilot evaluation of a population-based health intervention for reducing use of smokeless tobacco

TitlePilot evaluation of a population-based health intervention for reducing use of smokeless tobacco
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsCigrang, JA, Severson, HH, Peterson, AL
JournalNicotine and Tobacco Research
Date PublishedFeb
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number1462-2203 (Print)1462-2203 (Linking)
Accession Number11906689
Keywords*Tobacco, Smokeless, Adult, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Male, Military Personnel, Patient Selection, Pilot Projects, Preventive Health Services/standards, Texas, Tobacco Use Cessation/*methods, Tobacco Use Disorder/*prevention & control

Smokeless tobacco (ST) use has been associated with numerous negative health consequences, yet the prevalence of ST has increased dramatically since the 1970s. Young males in the military are at an elevated risk for ST use relative to the general population. Sixty active-duty male participants were identified as ST users during their annual preventive health screening and randomly assigned to minimal-contact intervention or usual care. Intervention participants were proactively contacted by phone and recruited, using a motivational interviewing style, for a cessation program consisting of a treatment manual, video, and two supportive phone calls from a cessation counselor. Sixty-five per cent (20/31) agreed to participate in the minimal-contact intervention. Three- and 6-month follow-up contacts found that the cessation rates reported by intervention participants were double those reported by participants receiving usual care (41% vs. 17% at 3 months, 37% vs. 19% at 6 months). These pilot study data suggest that proactive recruitment using a motivational interviewing approach to offer a treatment provides a good opportunity to reduce the use of ST in military settings.

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