Motivational interviewing and relapse prevention for DWI: A pilot study

TitleMotivational interviewing and relapse prevention for DWI: A pilot study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsStein, LAR, Lebeau-Craven, R
JournalJournal of Drug Issues
PublisherFlorida State University/School of Criminology & Criminal Justice
Place PublishedUS
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0022-0426
Accession Number2003-04282-003. First Author & Affiliation: Stein, L. A. R.
KeywordsAlcohol Rehabilitation, Driving Under the Influence, driving while intoxicated, DWI, interviewing, Motivation, motivational interviewing, Relapse prevention

Driving while impaired is a serious national health problem, and there is a need to develop effective treatments for persons arrested for Driving While Intoxicated (DWI). Motivation for changing substance use behaviors may be critical for avoiding further infractions. Once motivated, the client may more readily develop skills that enhance efficacy to cope with situations leading to DWI. Motivational Interviewing (MI; Miller & Rollnick, 1991) was delivered to DWI-involved clients to enhance motivation to change. It was followed by Relapse Prevention (RP; Marlatt & Gordon, 1985) to develop coping skills. Clients rated MI/RP more favorably than standard care, evidenced improved coping skills, and showed general improvement at the end of the four-week treatment. This pilot study (N = 25; mean age 32.44 yrs) indicates that more well controlled clinical trials are warranted to study the effectiveness of MI/RP in treating persons engaged in DWI. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

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