Motivational interviewing among psychiatric in-patients with substance use disorders

TitleMotivational interviewing among psychiatric in-patients with substance use disorders
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsBaker, A, Lewin, T, Reichler, H, Clancy, R, Carr, V, Garrett, R, Sly, K, Devir, H, Terry, M
JournalActa Psychiatrica Scandinavica
PublisherBlackwell Publishing
Place PublishedUnited Kingdom
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0001-690X1600-0447
Accession Number2002-04191-014. First Author & Affiliation: Baker, Amanda
KeywordsDrug abuse, interviews, Motivation, motivational interviewing, psychiatric in-patients, psychiatric patients, Substance Abuse

There were 3 aims of the present study: (1) to document patterns of substance misuse among psychiatric in-patients with comorbid alcohol and other drug use; (2) to examine associations among psychiatric and substance use diagnoses and readiness to change; and (3) to evaluate the effectiveness of an opportunistic motivational interview on engagement in a Specialist Substance Misuse Service (SSMS). 160 subjects were randomly assigned to receive either a motivational interview or no intervention. Overall, 66.3% of subjects met intervention threshold for cannabis, 60.6% for alcohol and 22.5% for amphetamines. There was a bimodal distribution of stage of change for cannabis use which was associated with age, with precontemplation being associated with older age and less frequent use. Attendance at the SSMS was low and unrelated to intervention status. A different approach to treatment is recommended, including early intervention among cannabis users. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

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