Motivational enhancement therapy in two cases of anxiety disorder: New responses to treatment refractoriness

TitleMotivational enhancement therapy in two cases of anxiety disorder: New responses to treatment refractoriness
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsWestra, HA, Phoenix, E
JournalClinical Case Studies
PublisherSage Publications
Place PublishedUS
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number1534-65011552-3802
Keywordsanxiety disorder, Anxiety Disorders, cognitive behavior therapy, generalized anxiety disorder, Motivation, motivational enhancement therapy, Psychotherapeutic Outcomes, social phobia, Treatment Outcomes, treatment refractoriness, Treatment Resistant Disorders

Although cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) has been consistently supported as highly efficacious in the management of various anxiety disorders, a significant number of individuals fail to respond to treatment. In this article, the authors present an attempt to operationalize and implement alternative interventions in two cases of CBT non-responsiveness for anxiety management. Both cases were identified as CBT nonresponsive through repeated psychometric assessment of symptoms, and the focus of therapy was shifted to motivational enhancement techniques. These alternative interventions were conceptualized using the Stages of Change Model, which advocates stage-matched interventions based on individual differences in readiness for change. In the first case of generalized anxiety disorder, motivational enhancement interventions were associated with marked improvement in anxiety symptomatology, whereas the second case of social phobia failed to respond to these interventions. Discussion is focused on possible mediators of differential treatment response to motivational interventions with a view to proposing future application and evaluations of these novel techniques. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

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