Healthy aging demonstration project: Nurse coaching for behavior change in older adults

TitleHealthy aging demonstration project: Nurse coaching for behavior change in older adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2005
AuthorsBennett, JA, Perrin, NA, Hanson, G, Bennett, D, Gaynor, W, Flaherty-Robb, M, Joseph, C, Butterworth, S, Potempa, K
JournalResearch in Nursing and Health
Date PublishedJun
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0160-6891 (Print)0160-6891 (Linking)
Accession Number15884026
Keywords*Interview, Psychological, *Motivation, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Analysis of Variance, Chronic Disease/*nursing, Counseling/*methods, Electronic Mail, Feasibility Studies, Female, Health Behavior, Health Promotion/*methods, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Oregon, Primary Health Care, Telephone

The Healthy Aging Project (HAP) tested nurse coaching as a method to support healthy behavior change in older adults. The sample included 111 individuals randomized to a nurse coaching group or usual-care control group. Participants in the intervention group chose the health behaviors they wanted to change and received coaching by nurses in a single in-person session followed by telephone calls or email contact for 6 months. Nurses were trained in motivational interviewing (MI). The intervention group had significantly less illness intrusiveness and health distress than the control group at 6 months, although it is not known whether these health outcomes resulted from behavior changes. This clinical demonstration project showed that nurse-delivered MI, primarily using the telephone and email, is a feasible method to discuss behavioral change with older adults. However, future clinical trials will be needed to evaluate the efficacy of nurse-delivered MI on actual behavioral changes in older adults.

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