Drinking goal selection and treatment outcome in out-patients with mild-moderate alcohol dependence

TitleDrinking goal selection and treatment outcome in out-patients with mild-moderate alcohol dependence
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2001
AuthorsAdamson, SJ, Sellman, DJ
JournalDrug and Alcohol Review
Place PublishedUnited Kingdom
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0959-52361465-3362
Keywordsabstinence, Alcohol Drinking Patterns, choice, Choice Behavior, controlled drinking, drinking goal, Drug Dependency, Goals, mild moderate alcohol dependence, Sobriety, Treatment Outcome, Treatment Outcomes

Selection of drinking goal was examined at baseline (N=118), post-treatment (N=109) and at 6 months follow-up (N=95) for mild-moderate alcohol-dependent outpatients (mean age 35.7 yrs). Drinking goal was identified as abstinent or controlled drinking, with the latter group being asked to further specify per session and per week drinking limits. Group comparisons for drinking goal post-treatment show those who were not assigned motivational enhancement therapy, had more drinking days and lower scores on the Alcohol Problems Questionnaire and Internal Motivation were more likely to choose controlled drinking. The only variable to predict independently whether or not the controlled drinking goal was within the promoted drinking guidelines was age, with younger participants more likely to choose a goal above this limit. Goal selection was significantly related to drinking outcome, with those aiming to drink within guidelines having better outcome than those aiming for higher limits. There was no significant difference in drinking outcome category when those aiming for within limits were compared to those aiming for abstinence. Clinical implications of these findings are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved)

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