Brief intervention for anxiety in primary care patients

TitleBrief intervention for anxiety in primary care patients
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsRoy-Byrne, P, Veitengruber, JP, Bystritsky, A, Edlund, MJ, Sullivan, G, Craske, MG, Welch, SS, Rose, R, Stein, MB
JournalJournal of the American Board of Family Medicine
Date PublishedMar-Apr
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number1557-2625 (Print)
Accession Number19264941
Keywords*Primary Health Care, Anxiety Disorders/*diagnosis/drug therapy/therapy, Cognitive Therapy, Evidence-Based Medicine, Humans, Mass Screening/*methods, Patient Education as Topic, Treatment Outcome

To address the difficulty of assessing and managing multiple anxiety disorders in the primary care setting, this article provides a simple, easy-to-learn, unified approach to the diagnosis, care management, and pharmacotherapy of the 4 most common anxiety disorders found in primary care: panic, generalized anxiety disorders, social anxiety disorders, and posttraumatic stress disorder. This evidence-based approach was developed for an ongoing National Institute of Mental Health-funded study designed to improve the delivery of evidence-based medication and psychotherapy treatment to primary care patients with these anxiety disorders. We present a simple, validated method to screen for the 4 major disorders that emphasizes identifying other medical or psychiatric comorbidities that can complicate treatment; an approach for initial education of the patient and discussion about treatment, including provision of some simple cognitive behavioral therapy skills, based on motivational interviewing/brief intervention approaches previously used for substance use disorders; a validated method for monitoring treatment outcome; and an algorithmic approach for the selection of initial medication treatment, the selection of alternative or adjunctive treatments when the initial approach has not produced optimal results, and indications for mental health referral.

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