Body and soul: a dietary intervention conducted through African-American churches

TitleBody and soul: a dietary intervention conducted through African-American churches
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsResnicow, K, Campbell, MK, Carr, C, McCarty, F, Wang, T, Periasamy, S, Rahotep, S, Doyle, C, Williams, A, Stables, G
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number07493797
KeywordsAFRICAN American churches, African Americans, AFRICAN Americans -- Religion, Ethnic Groups

Objectives: Body and Soul was a collaborative effort among two research universities, a national voluntary agency (American Cancer Society), and the National Institutes of Health to disseminate and evaluate under real-world conditions the impact of previously developed dietary interventions for African Americans.Methods: Body and Soul was constructed from two successful research-based interventions conducted in African-American churches. Components deemed essential from the prior interventions were combined, and then tested in a cluster randomized–effectiveness trial. The primary outcome was fruit and vegetable intake measured with two types of food frequency questionnaires at baseline and 6-month follow-up.Results: At the 6-month follow-up, intervention participants showed significantly greater fruit and vegetable (F&V) intake relative to controls. Post-test differences were 0.7 and 1.4 servings for the 2-item and 17-item F&V frequency measures, respectively. Statistically significant positive changes in fat intake, motivation to eat F&V, social support, and efficacy to eat F&V were also observed.Conclusions: The results suggest that research-based interventions, delivered collaboratively by community volunteers and a health-related voluntary agency, can be effectively implemented under real-world conditions. [Copyright &y& Elsevier]Copyright of American Journal of Preventive Medicine is the property of Elsevier Science and its content may not be copied or emailed to multiple sites or posted to a listserv without the copyright holder's express written permission. However, users may print, download, or email articles for individual use. This abstract may be abridged. No warranty is given about the accuracy of the copy. Users should refer to the original published version of the material for the full abstract. (Copyright applies to all Abstracts.)

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