Baseline data and design for a randomized intervention study of dietary change in religious organizations

TitleBaseline data and design for a randomized intervention study of dietary change in religious organizations
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2004
AuthorsBowen, DJ, Beresford, SAA, Vu, T, Feng, Z, Tinker, L, Hart, A., J, Christensen, CL, McLerran, D, Satia-Abouta, J, Campbell, M
JournalPreventive Medicine
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0091-7435
KeywordsAdult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Churches, clinical trials, Conceptual Framework, Descriptive Statistics, Diet -- Trends, Female, Funding Source, Human, interviews, Intraclass Correlation Coefficient, Male, Middle Age, P-Value, Power Analysis, Religion and Religions, Research Instruments, Washington

Background. Reducing dietary fat has been identified as a potential means of preventing chronic disease. Several studies have identified methods of changing dietary fat consumption in small, intensive intervention settings. Fewer studies have examined how to improve dietary habits of individuals in the general public. Methods. The Eating for a Healthy Life (EHL) project was a randomized trial [n = 40 religious organizations (ROs) and 2175 individuals, 1099 in intervention]. The study tested an intervention package of self-help books, motivational messages, and social interactions designed to change dietary behaviors (lowering fat, increasing fruit and vegetable consumption) among members of religious organizations aged 18 and over. The primary outcomes are fat- and fruit- or vegetable-related behaviors measured using the Fat and Fiber Behavior (FFB) Questionnaire. Results. Religious organizations and their members participated fully in the initial study activities. Conclusions. This study will support a rigorous test of the intervention package. CO 2004 The Institute For Cancer Prevention and Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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