Agency context and tailored training in technology transfer: A pilot evaluation of motivational interviewing training for community counselors

TitleAgency context and tailored training in technology transfer: A pilot evaluation of motivational interviewing training for community counselors
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBaer, JS, Wells, EA, Rosengren, DB, Hartzler, B, Beadnell, B, Dunn, C
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
PublisherElsevier Science
Place PublishedNetherlands
Publication Languageeng
ISBN Number0740-5472
Accession Number2009-11465-011. First Author & Affiliation: Baer, John S.
Keywordsagency, agency context, counselors, Drug Abuse Prevention, evidence based practice, evidenced-based treatments, motivational interviewing, motivational interviewing training, Substance abuse treatment, tailored training, Training, Treatment

Few empirical studies are available to guide best practices for transferring evidenced-based treatments to community substance abuse providers. To maximize the learning and maintenance of new clinical skills, this study tested a context-tailored training (CTT) model, which used standardized patient actors in role-plays tailored to agency clinical context, repetitive cycles of practice and feedback, and enhanced organizational support. This study reports the results of a randomized pilot evaluation of CTT for motivational interviewing (MI). Investigators randomly assigned community substance abuse treatment agencies to receive either CTT or a standard 2-day MI workshop. The study also evaluated the effects of counselor-level and organizational-level variables on the learning of MI. No between-condition differences were observed on the acquisition and maintenance of MI skills despite reported higher satisfaction with the more costly context-tailored model. Analyses revealed that those counselors with more formal education and less endorsement of a disease model of addiction made the greatest gains in MI skills, irrespective of training condition. Similarly, agencies whose individual counselors viewed their organization as being more open to change and less supportive of autonomy showed greater average staff gains in MI skills, again, irrespective of training method. Post training activities within agencies that supported the ongoing learning and implementation of MI mediated the effects of organizational openness to change. This pilot study suggests that tailored training methods may not produce better outcomes than traditional workshops for the acquisition of evidence-based practice, and that efforts to enhance skill acquisition can be focused on characteristics of learners and ongoing organizational support of learning. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2010 APA, all rights reserved) (journal abstract)

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